Tuesday, November 22, 2011

Music ornaments

Ornaments or embellishment are musical flourishes that are not necessary to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but serve instead to decorate or "ornament" that line. Many ornaments are performed as "fast notes" around a central note. The amount of ornamentation in a piece of music can vary from quite extensive to relatively little or even none. A very important function of the ornamentation in early and baroque keyboard music was as a way of creating a longer sustain of the note on a harpsichord, clavichord, or virginal , such instruments being unable to sustain a long note in the same manner as a pipe organ. 

Types of ornaments :
a. Trill
b. Mordent 
c. Turn
d. Appoggiature
e. Acciaccatura
f. Glissando

Trill :  Rapid alternation between an indicated note and the one above, also known as the shake.


Mordent : hought of as a rapid alternation between an indicated note, the note above (called the upper mordent, inverted mordent, or pralltriller) or below (called the lower mordentor mordent), and the indicated note again.

Upper and lower modent notation 1.png

Turn : A short figure consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.

Turn notation.png

Appoggiatura : important melodically and often suspends the principal note by taking away the time-value of the appoggiatura prefixed to it. 

Apoggiatura notaton.png

Acciaccatura : as a shorter, less melodically significant, variant of the long appoggiatura, where the delay of the principal note is scarcely perceptible.

Acciaccatura notation.png

Glissando : s a slide from one note to another, signified by a wavy line connecting the two notes. 

Chopin and Beethoven


He is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music and has been called "the poet of the piano".
Chopin was born in Zelazowa Wola a village in the Ducy of Warsaw, to a Polish mother and French-immigrant father.
For most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849 at the age of 39.

He is one of the most famous pianist and composer at Romantic Era. 
His two most famous songs are Fantasie Impromptu and Waltz in Db major.
The vast majority of Chopin's works are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concerto a few chamber pieces, and some songs.


Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven moved to Vienna in his early 20s, studying with Joseph Hayden and quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. His hearing began to deteriorate in his late twenties, yet he continued to compose, conduct and perform, even after becoming completely deaf. 

He is one of the most famous composer, pianist, and conductor of orchestra at classical period which is from 1750 until 1827. 

His most famous songs are  : Moonlight Sonata, Ride of the Valkarie, Fur Elise, Pastoral Symphony, Ode to Joy, Symphony no.5 in C minor. 


Orchestra is divided into two kinds :
a. Symphony : between 80 - 100 people
b. Chamber : between 30 - 50 people

In orchestra, there are 4 major family which are :
a. String family
b. Woodwind family
c. Brass family
c. Percussion

String family :
. Violin
. Viola
. Cello
. Double bass
. Harp

Woodwind family :
. Piccolo
. Flute
. Oboe
. Clarinet
. Cor Anglais
. Bassoon
, Contra Basson

Brass family :
. Trumpet
. French horn
. Trombone
. Tuba

Percussion :
. Timpani
. Cymbals
. Bass drum, side drum
. Glockenspiel
. Castanent
. Triangle
. Tambourine
. Xylophone
. Chimes

Percussion can divided into two kinds :
a. Tune : with melody ( Timpani, Glockenspiel, etc )
b. Untune : Without melody ( Triangle, tambourine, etc )

Human voices

There are four major kinds of human voices which are Soprano, Alto, Tenor, and Bass. Usually, we called those four as the SATB. Soprano is the highest voice and usually it is for female voice and Alto is usually also for woman's voice. Tenor and Bass are kinds of voices for male. 

Soprano : the term "soprano" refers to female singers but at times the term "male soprano" has been used by men who sing in the soprano vocal range using falseto vocal production instead of the modal voice.

Alto : alto" describes the second highest voice part in a four-parts chorus.

Tenor : type of male singing voice and is the highest male voice within the modal register.

Bass : a type of male singing voice and possesses the lowest vocal range of all vocal types.

Characters :
Soprano : Celine Dion, Charice

Alto : Taylor swift, Toni Braxton

Tenor : Andrea Bocelli, Michael JAckson, Il Divo

Bass : Scotty ( from Americal Idol ) 

Sunday, November 20, 2011


It is a form of vocal percussion primarily involving the art of producing drum beats, rhythm, and musical sounds using one's mouth, lips, tongue, and voice. It may also involve singing , vocal imitation of turntabolism, and the simulation of horns, strings, and other musical instruments. Beatboxing today is connected with hip hop culture, being one of "the elements", although it is not limited to hip hop music. 

World's record of beat boxing :
According to the Guinness World Records, the current record for the largest human beatbox ensemble involved 1,246 participants and was achieved by Vineeth Vincent and Christ University (India) in Bangalore, Karnataka, India, on 5 February 2011.

Character :
. Marcos Valle
. Michael Winslow
. the Fat boys
. Wise