Sunday, September 25, 2011

Rock music

Rock music develop during and after the 1960s, particularly in the United Kingdoms and United states 

It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, itself heavily influenced by rhythm and blues and country music

The style of Rock music are : rock and roll, Electric blues, and folk

Most influence instrument is electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with bass guitar and drums

Usually, rock is song-based music with a 4/4 beat utilizing a verse - chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse and common musical characteristics are difficult to define. rock lyrics have deal with a wide range of themes in addition to romantic love, blues and other 

Characters of Rock :

- Elvis Presley 
- Chubby Checker
- The beach boys 
- The Beatles 
- The D-men 
- The Everly Brothers 
- Eric Clapton 
- Joan Baez
- Bob Dylan 
- Jimi Hendrix
- The Eagles
- Prog-Rock band
- Jaco Pastorius
- David Bowie
- Led Zeppelin
- Stryper 
- Patti Smith 
- Deborah Harry 
- U2
- Linkin Park
- And other 

Short Time line :

. Emergence - Mid to late 1960s 
. The progression - late 1960s to mid 1970s
. Punk and its aftermath - mid 1970s to 1980s
. Alternative goes mainstream - the 1990s
. the new millennium - the 2000s

    Pop music

    Pop music is the abbreviation of Popular Music 

    Pop music is usually understood to be commercially recorded music, often oriented towards a youth market, usually consisting of relatively short, simple songs utilizing technological innovations to produce new variations on existing themes. Hatch and Millward define pop music as "a body of music which is distinguishable from popular, jazz and folk musics"

    In popular music, the songs are variety which mean it is include the classical music, jazz music, rock music, and novelty songs. 

    The term "pop song," is first recorded as being used in 1926 in the sense of a piece of music "having popular appeal". Hatch and Millward indicate that many events in the history of recording in the 1920s can be seen as the birth of the modern pop music industry, including in country, blues, hillbilly and music. Throughout its development, pop music has absorbed influences from most other genres of popular music

    The characteristics of Pop music are : 

    - An aim of appealing to a general audience, rather than to a particular sub-culture or ideology
    - An emphasis on craftsmanship rather than formal "artistic" qualities
    - An emphasis on recording, production, and technology, over live performance
    - A tendency to reflect existing trends rather than progressive developments
    - Much pop music is intended to encourage dancing, or it uses dance-oriented beats or rhythms

    The main part of pop music is the song, it is often between two and a half and three and a half minutes in length, generally marked by a consistent and noticeable rhythmic element, a mainstream style and a simple traditional structure. 

    Instrument that are use :

    - Vocals
    - Electric guitar
    - Bass guitar 
    - Drums
    - Keyboards
    - Acoustic guitar
    - Piano
    - Synthesizer
    - Drum machine
    - Sequencer
    - Sampler 
    - And other

    Modern era

    Modern Era is about 1900 until now

    With the coming of the 20th century another evolution in the musical world emerged. While some of the early 20th century music can be seen as extensions of the late Romantic style, much of 20th century music can be seen as a rebellion.

    Composers created music freely and used sounds that went against the current grain. Twentieth century music can be described as being more refined, vague in form, delicate, and having a mysterious atmosphere.

    Twentieth century music is an era that is hard to define in terms of musical style. Th easy way to define 20th century music is it does not fit into the Romantic era's requirements. And because of its own expression and orchestral technique it does not fit into any other category but its own.

     In 20th century musical styles traditional forms and structures were broken up and recreated or composed using non-Western musical techniques and abstract ideas. Technology also became an important factor in the music making during this time period. Composers have been known to use recording tape as a compositional tool

    Electronically created sounds are used in combination with other electronic sounds or played together with traditional music instruments. Most recently, the use of computer technology has affected the world of music making. Ways in which computers currently alter the face of the music world are by manipulating the performance of instruments in real time.

    Wednesday, September 21, 2011

    Jazz Music

    Jazz is a musical style that origenated at the beginning of 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States. Jazz music was born out of a confluence of African and European music traditions.

    The word "Jazz" began as a West Coast slang term and was first used to refer to music in Chicago at about 1915.

    The Jazz age are :
    . Swing - in 1930s - It belongs to the popular sing big bands.
    . Beginning of European jazz
    . Dixieland revival - in the late 1940s there was a revival of "Dixieland" music, harkening back to the original contrapuntal New Orleans style
    . Bebob - n the early 1940s bebop performers helped to shift jazz from danceable popular music towards a more challenging "musician's music.
    . Cool Jazz - By the end of the 1940s, the nervous energy and tension of bebop was replaced with a tendency towards calm and smoothness, with the sounds of cool jazz , which favoured long, linear melodic lines.
    . Hard Bob - Hard bop is an extension of bebop (or "bop") music that incorporates influences from rythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing.
    . Modal Jazz - Modal jazz is a development beginning in the later 1950s which takes the mode, or musical scale, as the basis of musical structure and improvisation.
    . Free Jazz - Free Jazz and the related form of avant great joke, broke through into an open space of "free tonality" in which meter, beat, and formal symmetry all disappeared, and a range of World music from India, Africa, and Arabia were melded into an intense, even religiously ecstatic or orgiastic style of playing
    . Between 1960s and 1070s : Latin Jazz, Post Bop, Soul Jazz, Jazz fusion, Jazz funk, other trends
    . Between 1980s - 2010s : Traditionalist and experimental divide, Smooth Jazz, Acid Jazz, Nu Jazz, Jazz rap, Punk Jazz and Jazz core, M base 

    Wednesday, September 7, 2011

    Romantic Music

    Romantic music is a musicological and artistic term referring to aparticular period, theory, compositional practice, and cannon in Western music history, from about 1830 to 1910. 

    Romantic music as a movement evolved from the formats, genres and musical ideas established in earlier periods, such as the classical period, and went further in the name of expression and syncretism of different art-forms with music.

    Romantic music attempted to increase emotional expression and power to describe deeper truths or human feelings, while preserving but in many cases extending the formal structures from the classical period, in others, creating new forms that were deemed better suited to the new subject matter.
    Early Romantic ( 1800-1850 ) : Early Romantic composers of a slightly later generation included Franz Lizt, Felix Mendhelson , Federic Chopin, and Hector Barlioz.

    Late Romantic era ( 1850- 1900 ) : some composers created styles and forms associated with their national folk cultures. The notion that there were "German" and "Italian" styles had long been established in writing on music, but the late 19th century saw the rise of a nationalist Russian style , and also Czech, Finnish and French nationalist styles of composition.

    Baroque music

    Baroque music describes a style of western approximately extending from 1600 - 1750. The word "baroque" came from portuguese word barroco which means "misshapen pearl" .

    The composer for baroque music are :
    . Bach
    . Handel 
    . Alessandro scarlatti
    . Antonio Vivaldi
    . georg P. Teleman 
    . Jean Bebtiste 
    . Corelli
    . Monteverdi

    During the period, composers and performers used more elaborate musical ornamentatio,  made changes in musical notation, and developed new instrumental playing techniques.

    Early baroque music (1600–1654)  : the division between the Renaissance and the Baroque period began in Italy with the formation of the Florentine Camerata, a group of humanists, musicians, poets and intellectuals in late Renaissance Florence who gathered under the patronage of Count Giovanni de' Bardi to discuss and guide trends in the arts, especially music and drama


    Middle baroque music (1654–1707) : separated from the early Baroque by the coming of systematic thinking to the new style and a gradual institutionalization of the forms and norms, particularly in opera.


    Late baroque music (1680–1750) : The dividing line between middle and late Baroque is a matter of some debate. Dates for the beginning of "late" baroque style range from 1680 to 1720. In no small part this is because there was not one synchronized transition; different national styles experienced changes at different rates and at different times